1971 – Jethro Tull release Aqualung LP.
Aqualung is the fourth studio album by the rock band Jethro Tull, released in 1971. The first side of the LP contains a series of six character sketches, including two sketches of people of questionable repute (title character Aqualung and Cross-Eyed Mary) and two autobiographical tracks including “Cheap Day Return”, written by band leader Ian Anderson while returning from a visit to his critically ill father. The overall message of the lyrics on the second side is said to be “pro-God but anti-church”, and makes the statement that organized religion can actually restrict a person’s relationship with their God instead of enhancing it. Anderson has denied any attempt to create a concept album.
- Ian Anderson: vocals, acoustic guitar, flute
Martin Barre: electric guitar, descant recorder
John Evan: piano, organ, mellotron
Jeffrey Hammond (as “Jeffrey Hammond-Hammond”): bass guitar, alto recorder and odd voices
Recorded December 1970 – February 1971 at Island Studios, London
Genre: Progressive rock
Length: 42:55 (original) 75:27 (bonus edition)
Label: Island (UK) Reprise (US) Chrysalis/Capitol (US re-issue)
Producer: Ian Anderson Terry Ellis Clive Bunker: a thousand drums and percussion