1938 – Paul Revere of the Raiders is born in Boise…

Paul Revere and the Raiders

1938 – Paul Revere of the Raiders is born in Boise, Idaho.

Paul Revere and the Raiders is an American rock band that saw enormous mainstream success in the second half of the 1960s and earlier 1970s, best-known for hits like “Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)” (1971), “Steppin’ Out” & “Just Like Me” (1965), “Kicks” (1966) (ranked #400 on the Rolling Stone magazine’s list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time) , “Let Me” (1969), and “Hungry” (1966).

History

Early years

Initially located in Boise, Idaho, the Raiders started as an instrumental rock outfit led by organist Paul Revere (born Paul Revere Dick on January 7, 1938)..

By the summer of 1962, Revere and Lindsay were working together again in Oregon with a version of the Raiders that featured drummer Mike “Smitty” Smith, who would spend two long periods with the band .

Hit Making Period / The “Action” Era

(1965), which marked the beginning of a string of garage rock classics. The Raiders, under the guidance of producer Terry Melcher, increasingly emulated the sounds of British Invasion bands such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Dave Clark Five, and The Animals, albeit with an American, R&B feel. Their second major national hit, “Just Like Me” (1965 – #11) was one of the first rock records to feature a distinctive, double-tracked guitar solo (by guitarist Drake Levin) .

The band appeared regularly on national television, most notably on Dick Clark’s Where the Action Is, Happening ’68, and It’s Happening, the latter two of which were co-hosted by Paul Revere and Mark Lindsay. Here they were presented as the American response to the British Invasion. Playing on Paul Revere’s name, the group wore American Revolutionary War soldier uniforms and performed slapstick comedy and synchronized dance steps while the ponytailed Lindsay lip synched to their music. This farcical, cartoonish image obscured the proto-hard rock sound that their music often took. The Raiders were endorsed by the Vox Amplifier company (Revere used their Vox Continental combo organ, bassist Phil Volk was seen on television playing their “coffin bass”—with “FANG” in masking tape letters on the backside—and everyone played through Vox Super Beatle amplifiers). Levin left the group in 1966 to join the National Guard, and was replaced by Jim Valley, another Northwest musician the Raiders had met and come to admire during their days playing the Portland and Seattle circuit. Valley was dubbed “Harpo” by the other Raiders due to a vague resemblance to the famous Marx brother

In mid-1967, with three gold albums to their credit, the Raiders were Columbia Records’ top-selling rock group; their Greatest Hits album was one of two releases selected by Clive Davis to test a higher list price for albums expected to be particularly popular, along with Bob Dylan’s Greatest Hits .

At the height of their popularity, the Raiders power trio left the group. Disenchanted that the band was prevented from evolving into a more egalitarian creative team, miffed at being replaced by studio musicians in the studio, and unhappy with the band’s continued teen-oriented direction while a more serious rock and roll style was emerging, bassist Phil Volk and drummer Mike Smith rejoined guitarist Drake Levin to form a band called The Brotherhood, while Jim Valley embarked on a solo career .

The “Happening” Era

Changing tastes in the late 1960s rendered the group unfashionable, but they still continued to have hits through the rest of the decade, such as “I Had A Dream” (1967 – #20), “Too Much Talk” (1968 – #18, #11 in Cashbox), “Don’t Take it So Hard” (1968 – #27), “Cinderella Sunshine”, and “Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon” (1969 – #18). On January 6, 1968, just four months after the cancellation of Where The Action Is, Paul Revere and Mark Lindsay returned to the airwaves as hosts of a new Dick Clark-produced show in which the Raiders made several appearances, Happening ’68 (later shortened to Happening). This weekly series was joined from July to September that year by a daily (and another Clark-produced) series It’s Happening, also hosted by Revere and Lindsay. The band at this point included guitarist Freddy Weller, drummer Joe Correro and bassist Charlie Coe, who was replaced in August 1968 by former Action heartthrob Keith Allison. According to author Derek Taylor, the Raiders were seen as “irrelevances. . . . Nervous citizens felt reassured that some good safe things never changed.”

Mark Lindsay took more control of the band during this time. He produced all the records beginning with Too Much Talk in 1968, and the psychedelic album Something Happening. Lindsay’s vision for the Raiders was represented on songs such as “Let Me” (1969 – #20 – Gold Single), and albums Hard ‘N’ Heavy (with marshmallow) and Alias Pink Puzz. The success of “Let Me” allowed Paul Revere and the Raiders to tour Europe with the Beach Boys in the spring of 1969 (they also recorded two songs for the long running German music program Beat Club at this time).  Later that autumn, Happening ended its run on TV.

The “Raiders” 70’s Era

In an effort to change the bands’ sound and image, the name was officially shortened to The Raiders. Collage was an attempt to move the Raiders into another direction. Despite a glowing review in Rolling Stone magazine (critic Lenny Kaye praised the album’s production and remarked, “Mark Lindsay never fails to give the impression that he knows what he’s doing. Almost single-handedly, he’s brought the Raiders to a stronger position than they’ve occupied in years.” .

“Freeborn Man”, a song written by Lindsay and bassist Keith Allison, has since gone on to be a country rock standard, covered by The Outlaws, Junior Brown, and Glen Campbell among many others.

Ironically, The Raiders biggest hit, “Indian Reservation” (1971 – #1 – Gold single), was recorded as a Mark Lindsay solo session “Indian Reservation” was Columbia Records biggest selling single for almost a decade, clearing over 6 million units. They followed this success with a top 20 album (Indian Reservation) and the #24 hit “Birds of a Feather.” The Raiders expanded to include drummer Omar Martinez and keyboardist Bob Wooley.

In 1972, The Raiders made one last attempt at a pop album, with Country Wine, but Columbia was sinking money into other acts, such as Blue Öyster Cult and Aerosmith, and Country Wine sank in the resulting quagmire. They did continue to release singles for Columbia until their contract expired in 1975. Their last hits were “Country Wine” (1972 – #52), “Powder Blue Mercedes Queen” (1972 – #54), “Song Seller” (1972 – #96), “Love Music” (1973 – #97) and “All Over You” (1973 – did not chart)

After Mark Lindsay

Lineup changes ensued in 1975, with Mark Lindsay departing the band after a gig at Knott’s Berry Farm. Lindsay continued his solo career, having previously landed a hit single in late 1969 with Kenny Young’s “Arizona”. After two final singles for Warner Bros. records in 1977, Mark turned his attentions to film scoring and commercials. He was also head of A&R (artists & repertoire) for United Artists Records in the 70s. Keith Allison departed in April 1975, to be replaced by current Raider bassist Ron Foos.”

Country music was the choice of former guitarist Freddy Weller, who had much success on the country charts before, starting with his country version of Joe South’s “Games People Play” in 1969 reaching #2 on the country charts as well as recording albums, (his first two solo albums were produced by Mark Lindsay), and Top 10 singles on the country singles charts such as his covers of Chuck Berry’s “Promised Land”, The Cowsills’ “Indian Lake”, as well as “These Are Not My People” and “Another Night of Love” for Columbia during this time while with the Raiders, as well as after leaving the Raiders (Freddy’s stint was 1967-1973). In a memorable event, Revere married for the second time on the 4th of July, Bicentennial Year 1976 on stage at a Raiders show .” Revere announced his retirement from the music business at the end of 1976, but was back on the road by 1978 with a new cast of Raiders.

The quintet of Paul Revere, Mark Lindsay, Drake Levin, Phil Volk and Mike Smith reunited for Dick Clark on national television in 1979 doing a medley of their biggest hits.

The punk rock and New Wave eras would see a wave of interest in the Raiders’ music; “I’m Not Your Stepping Stone” was covered by The Sex Pistols, Minor Threat, and Liverpool band The Farm (although The Monkees’ cover version was better known than the Raiders’ original), and later “Just Like Me” would be covered by The Circle Jerks, Joan Jett and Pat Benatar). David Bowie covered “Louie, Go Home” and The Who took that song and changed the title and lyrics to “Lubie, Go Home”. “Hungry” was also covered by Sammy Hagar and the new waver David Edwards did a cover of “Kicks.” The Flamin’ Groovies tackled two Raiders songs (“Him or Me, What’s it Gonna Be?” and “Ups and Downs”) and The Morrells did a country-tinged arrangement of “Ups and Downs” as well. The Paisley Underground, garage rock revival, and grunge movements would all acknowledge the Raiders’ influence. “Kicks” was also covered by Mickey Dolenz and Peter Tork of the Monkees as one of three new recordings included on their 1986 compilation Then & Now… The Best of The Monkees.

Revere continued with a relatively stable lineup through the 80’s and 90’s, featuring longtime members Omar Martinez (drums and vocals since 1972), Doug Heath (guitarist for the Raiders since 1973), and Ron Foos (Allison’s replacement in 1975). Occasional new record releases included the self-produced “Special Edition” in 1983, with Bradley on vocals, and “Paul Revere Rides Again”, released in 1983 through Radio Shack stores. They even recorded a home video for MCA Universal in 1996 titled “The Last Madman of Rock ‘N’ Roll”. Revere’s son Jamie joined the band on guitar for several years in the 90’s (featured on “Generic Rock & Roll” (1992) and “Generic Rock 2” (1996). In 2001, the Raiders released “Ride to the Wall”, featuring several new songs, along with their versions of 60’s hits, with proceeds going to help veterans of the Vietnam War. They performed at Rolling Thunder’s Memorial Day event in Washington D.C. in 2001 for POW-MIA’s of the Vietnam era. A steady touring schedule kept Paul and his “new Raiders” in the public eye.

In 1997, the group’s classic 1966 Midnight Ride lineup (singer Mark Lindsay, guitarist Drake Levin, bassist Phil “Fang” Volk and drummer Mike “Smitty” Smith) reunited in full costume (though without Revere himself) for a 30th anniversary performance in Portland. Smith died four years later, in 2001, at the age of 59.

in 2000 Sundazed Records released a two CD package entitled Mojo Workout that focused on the R&B and soul sounds from early in the Raiders’ Columbia career.

Original bassist Phil “Fang” Volk currently tours with his own band, “Fang and the Gang.” Guitarist Drake Levin also performs on occasion in the San Francisco Bay Area.

After leaving the Raiders in 1967, Jim Valley continued to perform and hone his songwriting skills in a variety of acts. In the early 1980s he was encouraged by educational professionals to use his musical talent to help inspire school kids. He is now an acclaimed and award-winning children’s music artist and educator, traveling the world as an emissary of the “Rainbow Planet”. Now living back in his native Pacific Northwest, Valley also continues to write and record his own albums.

On October 13, 2007 Paul Revere & the Raiders were officially inducted, along with their Manager Roger Hart, into the Oregon Music Hall of Fame. In attendance were Mark Lindsay, Phil “Fang” Volk, and Roger Hart to accept their awards.

Discography w/Billboard (BB) & Cashbox (CB) chart peak positions

Singles- The Early Years, 1960-1964

as PAUL REVERE AND THE RAIDERS

* Beatnik Sticks / Orbit (The Spy) (Gardena 106) 1960
* Paul Revere’s Ride / Unfinished Fifth (Gardena 115) 1961
* Like, Long Hair (BB #38, CB #30) / Sharon (Gardena 116) 1961
* Like Charleston / Midnight Ride (Gardena 118) 1961
* All Night Long / Groovy (Gardena 124) 1961
* Like Bluegrass / Leatherneck (Gardena 127) 1962
* Shake It Up (Pt 1) / Shake It Up (Pt 2) (Gardena 131) 1962
* Tall Cool One / Road Runner (Gardena 137) 1962
* So Fine / Blues Stay Away (Jerden 807) 1963
* Louie Louie / Night Train (Sande 101) 1963
* Louie Louie (US #103) / Night Train (Columbia 42814) 1963
* Louie, Louie Go Home (US #118) / Have Love Will Travel (Columbia 43008) 1964

A different version of the A-side appears on the “Midnight Ride” LP

* Over You (US #133) / Swim (Columbia 43114) 1964
* Ooh Poo Pah Doo / Sometimes (US #131) (Columbia 43273) 1964

Singles During the Hit-Making Years, 1965-1971

* Steppin’ Out (BB #46, CB #58) / Blue Fox (Columbia 43375) 1965
* Just Like Me (BB #11, CB #16) / B.F.D.R.F. Blues (Columbia 43461) 1965

B-side is a non-LP track

* Kicks (BB #4, CB #3) / Shake It Up (Columbia 43556) 1966

B-side is a non-LP impromptu track done in one take

* Hungry (BB #6, CB #10) / There She Goes (Columbia 43678) 1966
* The Great Airplane Strike (BB #20, CB #17) / In My Community (Columbia 43810) 1966

Single version and LP version of A-side differ slightly at the beginning and end of the track
The above four singles were also released as red-vinyl promos. Each promo included the A-side on both sides

* Good Thing (BB #4, CB #5) / Undecided Man (Columbia 43907) 1966
* Ups And Downs (BB #22, CB #19) / Leslie (Columbia 44018) 1967
* Him Or Me, What’s It Gonna Be (BB #5, CB #9) / Legend of Paul Revere (Columbia 44094) 1967
* I Had A Dream (BB #17, CB #14) / Upon Your Leaving (Columbia 44207) 1967
* Io Sogno Te (I Had A Dream) / Little Girl (Little Girl In The 4th Row) (CBS) 1967
* Peace Of Mind (BB #42, CB #35) / Do Unto Others (US #102) (Columbia 44335) 1967
* Rain, Sleet, Snow / Brotherly Love (Columbia 44376) 1967
* Too Much Talk (US #19, CB #11) / Happening ’68 (Columbia 44444) 1968

A longer version of the A-side appears on the “Something Happening” LP

* Don’t Take It So Hard (BB #27, CB #21) / Observation From Flight 285 (In 3/4 Time) (Columbia 44553) 1968
* Cinderella Sunshine (BB #58, CB #47) / Theme From ‘It’s Happening’ (Columbia 44655) 1968

A longer, different version of the A-side appears on the “Hard & Heavy (with Marshmallow)” LP. Copies also exist with the B-side shown as “It’s Happening” (sans theme prefix)

* Mr Sun, Mr Moon (BB #18, CB #15) / Without You (Columbia 44744) 1969
* Let Me (BB #20, CB #16) / I Don’t Know (Columbia 44854) 1969

A longer version of the A-side appears on the “Alias Pink Puzz” LP

* We Gotta All Get Together (BB #50, CB #25) / Frankfort Side Street (Columbia 44970) 1969

A longer, different version of the A-side appears on the “Collage” LP

as THE RAIDERS:

* Just Seventeen (BB #82, CB #73) / Sorceress With Blue Eyes (Columbia 45082) 1970
* Gone Movin’ On (BB #120, CB #92) / Interlude (To Be Forgotten) (Columbia 45150) 1970
* Indian Reservation (The Lament Of The Cherokee Reservation Indian) (BB #1, CB #1) / Terry’s Tune (Columbia 45332) 1971

B-side is a non-LP instrumental

* Birds Of A Feather (BB #23, CB #13) / The Turkey (Columbia 45453) 1971

1970s-forward

* Country Wine (BB #51, CB #28) / It’s So Hard Getting Up Today (Columbia 45535) 1972
* Powder Blue Mercedes Queen (BB #54, CB #43) / Golden Girls Sometimes (Columbia 45601) 1972
* Song Seller (BB #96, CB #89) / A Simple Song (Columbia 45688) 1972
* Love Music (BB #97, CB #61) / Goodbye No. 9 (Columbia 45759) 1973
* (If I Had To Do It All Over Again, I’d Do It) All Over You / Seaboard Line Boogie (Columbia 45898) 1974

as PAUL REVERE AND THE RAIDERS

* Your Love (Is the Only Love)/Gonna Have a Good Time (Columbia 10126) 1975
* The British are Coming (20th Century) 1976
* Ain’t Nothin’ Wrong/You’re Really Saying Something (Drive) 1976
* Kicks (Live ’82) (RaiderAmerica) 1982
* Jingle Bells/ (b side by Dean Torrence and Mike Love) (Primore) 1983

Reissue singles

* Louie Louie / Louie Go Home (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33082)
* Just Like Me / Kicks (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33098)
* Hungry / The Great Airplane Strike (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33106)
* Good Thing / Ups and Downs (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33111)
* Him Or Me, What’s It Gonna Be / Steppin’ Out (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33126)
* Don’t Take It So Hard / Cinderalla Sunshine (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33137)
* Cinderella Sunshine / Mr. Sun Mr. Moon (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33162)
* Let Me / We Gotta All Get Together (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33171)
* Indian Reservation / Birds Of A Feather (Columbia Hall Of Fame 33200)

Albums

* Like, Long Hair — Gardena LP-G 1000 — 1961
* Paul Revere and the Raiders — Sande S-1001 — 1963

The above albums were issued only in mono

* Here They Come (BB #71, CB #71) — Columbia CL 2307 (Mono)/CS 9107 (Stereo) — 1964

Front cover features bassist Mike “Doc” Holiday. Early pressings feature Holiday’s name on back cover, later pressings feature new liner notes and Holiday’s replacement Phil “Fang” Volk

* Just Like Us (BB #5, CB #6) — Columbia CL 2451/CS 9251 — 1965
* Midnight Ride (BB #9, CB #9 — Columbia CL 2508/CS 9308 — 1966
* In the Beginning — Jerden JRL-7004 — 1966
* The Spirit of ’67 — (BB #9, CB #6) — Columbia CL 2595/CS 9395 — 1967
* Paul Revere and the Raiders Greatest Hits (BB #9, CB #6 — Columbia KCL 2662/KCS 9462 — 1967
* Revolution! (BB #25, CB #20) — Columbia CL 2721/CS 9521 — 1967
* A Christmas Present … And Past (BB Christmas Charts #10 — Columbia CL 2755/CS 9555 — 1967
* Goin’ to Memphis (BB #61, CB #71) — Columbia CL 2805/CS 9605 — 1968

Although credited to Paul Revere & the Raiders, only Paul Revere and Mark Lindsay appear on this album

* Something Happening (BB #122, CB #69) — Columbia CS 9665 — 1968
* Hard ‘N Heavy (with Marshmallow) (BB #51, CB #37) — Columbia CS 9753 — 1969

Early pressings feature black and white front cover photo, later pressings feature different photo in color

* Two All-Time Great Selling LP’s (BB #166) — Columbia GP 12 — 1969

Repackage of “Spirit of ’67” And “Revolution” albums

* Alias Pink Puzz (BB #48, CB #54) — Columbia CS 9905 — 1969
* Paul Revere and the Raiders Featuring Mark Lindsay — Harmony KH 30089 — 1970
* Collage (BB #154, CB #75) — Columbia CS 9964 — 1970
* Good Thing — Harmony KH 30975 — 1971
* The Raiders Greatest Hits, Vol II — Columbia C 30386 — 1971
* Indian Reservation (BB #19, CB #26 — Columbia C 30768 — 1971
* Movin’ On — Harmony KH 31183 — 1972
* Country Wine (CB #104) — Columbia KC 31196 — 1972
* All Time Greatest Hits (BB #143, CB #136) — Columbia KG 31464 — 1972
* Special Edition Featuring Michael Bradley (Raider) 1982
* Great Raider Reunion (ERA) 1983
* Paul Revere Rides Again (Hitbound) 1983
* Generic Rock Album 1984
* Still Live 1984
* Just Like Us! (Sundazed) 1998
* Midnight Ride (Sundazed) 2000
* Mojo Workout (Sundazed) 2000
* Alias Pink Puzz (Repertoire) 2001
* Something Happening (Repertoire) 2001
* Ride to the Wall (Rhino) 2001
* Hard ‘N’ Heavy (Repertoire) 2003
* Ride to the Wall Vol. 2 (Rhino) 2005
* Anthology Kicks! 1963-1972 (Raven Records/AUS) 2005

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