1941 – Operatic powerhouse Placido Domingo is born in Madrid.

Placido Domingo

Placido Domingo

1941 – Operatic powerhouse Placido Domingo is born in Madrid.

Mustv’e influenced Jeff Tate from Queensryche

José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born 21 January 1941), He is also admired for his acting ability, his musicality and musical intellect, and the number and variety of opera roles that he has mastered. In addition to his singing roles, he has also taken on conducting opera and concert performances, as well as serving as the General Director of the Washington National Opera in Washington, D.C. and the Los Angeles Opera in California. His contracts in both Los Angeles and Washington, D.C. have been extended through the 2010–2011 season.

Biography and career

Early years
Plácido Domingo (1979)

Plácido Domingo was born near the Barrio de Salamanca section of Madrid, Spain, and moved to Mexico at age eight with his family, who ran a zarzuela company. Domingo was often asked to perform with his parents’ company when they needed a child role. He studied piano at first privately and later at the National Conservatory of Music in Mexico City.

In 1957, Domingo made his first professional appearance performing with his mother in a concert at Mérida, Yucatán. He made his opera debut performing in Manuel Fernández Caballero’s zarzuela, Gigantes y cabezudos, singing a baritone role. At that time, he was working with his parents’ zarzuela company, taking parts in baritone roles and as an accompanist for other singers. Among his first performances was a minor role in the first Mexican production of My Fair Lady where he was also the assistant conductor and assistant coach. The company made 185 performances which included a production of Lehár’s The Merry Widow where he performed as either Camille or Danilo.

In 1959, Domingo auditioned for the Mexico National Opera as a baritone but was then asked to sight-read some arias and lines in the tenor range. Finally he was accepted in the National Opera as a tenor comprimario and as a tutor for other singers. He provided backup vocals for Los Black Jeans in 1958, a rock-and-roll band lead by César Costa. He learned piano and conducting, but made his stage debut acting in a minor role in 1959 (12 May) at the Teatro Degollado in Guadalajara as Pascual in Marina. It was followed by Borsa in Rigoletto (with Cornell MacNeil and Norman Treigle also in the cast), Padre Confessor (Dialogues of the Carmelites) and others.

In addition, he played piano for a ballet company to supplement his income. Domingo also played piano for a program on Mexico cultural television which was newly founded at that time. The program consisted of excerpts from zarzuelas, operettas, operas, and musical comedies. He acted in a few small parts while at the theater in such plays by Federico García Lorca, Luigi Pirandello, and Anton Chekhov.

1960s-1980s
Domingo as Otello, taken on 28 September 1975 in Hamburg State Opera

In 1961, he made his operatic debut in a leading role as Alfredo in La traviata at Monterrey and later in the same year, his debut in the United States with the Dallas Civic Opera where he played the role of Arturo in Donizetti’s Lucia di Lammermoor opposite Joan Sutherland as the title role. In 1962, he returned to Texas to play the role of Edgardo in the same opera with Lily Pons at the Fort Worth Opera. At the end of 1962, he signed a six month contract with the Israel National Opera in Tel Aviv but later extended the contract and stay for two and a half years, singing 280 performances of 12 different roles.

In June 1965, after finishing his contract with Hebrew National Opera, Domingo went for an audition at the New York City Opera and scheduled to make his New York debut as Don Jose in Bizet’s Carmen but his debut came earlier when he was offered to fill in for an ailing tenor at the last minute in Puccini’s Madama Butterfly. On 17 June 1965, Domingo made his New York debut as B. F. Pinkerton at the New York City Opera. In February 1966, he sang the title role in the U.S. premiere of Ginastera’s Don Rodrigo at the New York City Opera, with much acclaim. The performance also marked the opening of the City Opera’s new home at Lincoln Center.

He official debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York occurred on 28 September 1968 when he substituted for Franco Corelli, in Cilea’s Adriana Lecouvreur singing with Renata Tebaldi. Before Adriana Lecouvreur, he had sung in performances by the Metropolitan Opera of Mascagni’s Cavalleria Rusticana and Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci in 1966. Since then, he has opened the season at the Metropolitan Opera 21 times, surpassing the previous record of Enrico Caruso by four. He made his debut at the Vienna State Opera in 1967, at the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1968, at both La Scala and San Francisco Opera in 1969, and at Covent Garden in 1971, and has now sung at practically every other important opera house and festival worldwide. In 1971, he played the role Mario Cavaradossi in Puccini’s Tosca at the Metropolitan Opera and continued with the same role for many times. He has played this role more than any other tenor.

Throughout the years, Domingo has also turned his hand to conducting opera (as early as La traviata on 7 October 1973, at New York City Opera) as well as, occasionally, symphonic orchestras. In 1981 Domingo gained considerable recognition outside of the opera world when he recorded the song “Perhaps Love” as a duet with the late American country/folk music singer John Denver. In 1987, he and Denver joined Julie Andrews for an Emmy Award winning holiday television special, The Sound of Christmas, filmed in Salzburg, Austria.

On 19 September 1985, the biggest earthquake in Mexico’s history devastated the whole Mexican capital. Domingo’s aunt, uncle, his nephew and his nephew’s young son were killed in the collapse of the Nuevo León apartment block in the Tlatelolco housing complex. Domingo himself labored to rescue survivors. During the next year, he did benefit concerts for the victims and released an album of one of the events.

1990s – present
A statue in Mexico City as a recognition to his contributions to 1985 Mexico City earthquake victims and his artistic works

Throughout 1990s until today, Domingo continued performing in many of the same but also new operas, among them Wagner’s Parsifal and Mozart’s Idomeneo as the title role, Rossini’s Il barbiere di Siviglia as Figaro, Wagner’s Die Walküre as Siegmund, Lehár’s The Merry Widow as Danilo and Alfano’s Cyrano de Bergerac as Cyrano. Between the middle of 1990 to the early of 2008 only, he has added 38 new roles into his repertoire covering opera in six different languages (English, Italian, French, German, Russian and Spanish). The latest was the Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, Tamerlano.

Also see: Domingo’s complete repertoire.

Giving him even greater international recognition outside of the world of opera, he participated in The Three Tenors concert at the opening of the 1990 World Cup in Rome with José Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti. The event was originally conceived to raise money for the José Carreras International Leukemia Foundation and was later repeated a number of times, including at the three subsequent World Cup finals (1994 in Los Angeles, 1998 in Paris, and 2002 in Yokohama). Alone, Domingo again made an appearance at the final of the 2006 World Cup in Berlin, along with rising stars Anna Netrebko and Rolando Villazón. On 24 August 2008, Domingo performed a duet with Song Zuying, singing Ài de Huo(yàn (The Flame of Love) at the 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in Beijing.

He holds a world record for the longest ovation on the operatic stage with 101 curtain calls and 80 minutes non-stop applause after performing Otello, Verdi’s operatic version of Shakespeare’s Othello, as the Moor of Venice in Vienna on 30 June 1991. In 2006, Domingo recorded an album Italia Ti amo, dedicated himself to Neapolitan and Italian songs, which include Stanislao Gastaldon’s “Musica Prohibita” and the famous “Core N’Grato” by Salvatore Cardillo accompanied by Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra under the baton of Eugene Kohn.
Domingo speaks at the National Endowment for the Arts Opera Honors on October 31, 2008 in Washington, DC.

In what has been called his ‘final career move’, Plácido Domingo announced on 25 January 2007 that in 2009 he would take on one of Verdi’s most demanding baritone roles, the Doge of Genoa, Simon Boccanegra, in the opera of the same name. He would, however, continue to sing tenor roles beforehand and afterwards.

On 16-17 April 2008 he sang during the visit of the Pope Benedict XVI at Nationals Park and at the Italian embassy in Washington DC.

From 1990 to 2008, Domingo has received many awards and honors for his effort in music, benefit concerts and charity. On 21 August 2007, in Mexico City, a two meters tall statue and weighs about 300 kg (660 lbs) was build in his honor. On 23 March 2008, the New Orleans City Council honors his contribution at the Gala Benefits Concert by naming the city theatre’s stage, the “Plácido Domingo stage”. In April 2008, he was voted as the greatest tenor in history in BBC Music Magazine judged by 16 renowned opera critics.

On 15 March 2009, The Metropolitan Opera will pay tributes to Domingo’s 40th anniversary with the company with the on-stage gala dinner at the Met’s 125th anniversary, after his debut in Adriana Lecouvreur as Maurizio opposite Renata Tebaldi on 28 September 1968

Family
Sister project     Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Plácido Domingo

He was born to Plácido Francisco Domingo Ferrer (8 March 1907 – 22 November 1987)  In addition to their son, they also have a daughter, Maria José Domingo de Fernandez .

On 29 August 1957 at age 16, Plácido Domingo married a fellow piano student, Ana María Guerra Cué (1938-2006) and his first son, José Plácido Domingo Guerra (Pepe) was born on 16 June 1958.

Recordings

See also: List of recordings by Plácido Domingo

He has made well over 100 recordings, most of which are full-length operas, often recording the same role more than once. Among these recordings is a boxed set of every tenor aria Verdi ever wrote, including several rarely-performed versions, in different languages from the original operas, which Verdi wrote for specific performances.

In August 2005, EMI Classics released a new studio recording of Richard Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde in which Domingo sings the title role of Tristan. A review of this recording, headlined “Vocal perfections”, that appeared in the 8 August 2005 issue of The Economist begins with the word “Monumental” and ends with the words, “a musical lyricism and a sexual passion that make the cost and the effort entirely worthwhile”. It characterized his July 2005 performance of Siegmund in Wagner’s Die Walküre at Covent Garden as “unforgettable” and “luminous”. The review also remarks that Domingo is still taking on roles that he has not previously performed.

New recordings that have been released in the first half of 2006 include studio recordings of Puccini’s Edgar, Isaac Albéniz’s Pepita Jiménez, as well as a selection of Italian and Neapolitan songs, titled Italia ti amo (all three with Deutsche Grammophon). Amongst many television appearance in many countries over the years (a large number for charitable purposes), Domingo appeared as the star act in the New Orleans Opera Association’s A Night For New Orleans with Frederica von Stade and Elizabeth Futral, in March 2006. The concert was to raise funds for the rebuilding of the city.

In December 2008, Deutsche Grammophon released Domingo’s latest CD, Amore Infinito in which the album songs were inspired based on poems of Pope John Paul 2. In the album, Domingo performing duet with Andrea Bocelli, Josh Groban, Katherine Jenkins, Vanessa Williams, including with his son, Plácido Domingo Jr.

Appearances on film and television

See Domingo’s opera recording in DVD/VHS format and audio CD format.

Domingo has appeared in numerous opera films, among them are Jean-Pierre Ponnelle’s Madama Butterfly, Francesco Rosi’s Carmen (Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording), Gianfranco de Bosio’s Tosca with Raina Kabaivanska, Giuseppe Patroni Griffi’s Tosca with Catherine Malfitano (Emmy Award), Franco Zeffirelli’s Otello with Katia Ricciarelli, Cavalleria rusticana & Pagliacci, and La traviata (with Teresa Stratas, which received a Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording).

He has also appeared on television in the 1978 La Scala production of Puccini’s Manon Lescaut which marked the Scala debut of Hungarian soprano Sylvia Sass, as well in zarzuela evenings, and Live at the Met telecasts and broadcasts. In 2007, Domingo had a cameo in “The Homer of Seville”, an episode of The Simpsons which revolves around Homer Simpson becoming an opera singer. In his cameo, Domingo sang briefly. Domingo appeared on The Cosby Show Season 5 as Alberto Santiago, a colleague of Dr Cliff Huxtable. He is also sang as the operatic moon in 2001 film Moulin Rouge!.

In 1989, the international television series, ‘Return Journey’ featured Domingo returning to his home city of Madrid refecting life there whilst recording an album of Zarzuela arias for EMI. The film was directed by Ken MacGregor.

He is the executive producer of the critically acclaimed 1998 Mexican film, The Other Conquest, produced by his son Alvaro, in which Domingo also performs the original aria “Mater Aeterna”, composed by Samuel Zyman.

Christmas in Vienna

Further information: Christmas in Vienna, Christmas in Vienna II, Christmas in Vienna III, and Christmas in Vienna VI

In 1990, the idea for a Christmas-themed concert, involving the collaboration of Domingo, fellow operatic tenor and friend José Carreras, and pop music legend Diana Ross was first brought up. Vienna was chosen in 1992 to host the event due to its reputation as a capital of music and the particular charm of Austria during Christmas time. The Wiener Symphoniker under the direction of maestro Vjekoslav Šutej provided the orchestral music, and the Gumpoldskirchen Children’s Choir provided choral vocals. On 23 December 1992 the first in what would turn out to be a series of Christmas in Vienna concerts was seen worldwide by several hundred million people. Plácido Domingo returned to Vienna for many more Christmas in Vienna concerts, performing with stars of both pop and classical music, including Dionne Warwick, Charles Aznavour, Sissel Kyrkjebø, Sarah Brightman, Riccardo Cocciante, Patricia Kaas, Luciano Pavarotti, Tony Bennett, and many others.

Complete repertoire

Perhaps the most versatile of all living tenors, Domingo has sung 128 opera roles and as many as 130 roles (overall) in Italian, French, German, English, Spanish and Russian. His main repertoire however is Italian (Otello, Cavaradossi in Tosca, Don Carlo, Des Grieux in Manon Lescaut, Dick Johnson in La fanciulla del West, Radames in Aida), French (Faust, Werther, Don José in Carmen, Samson in Samson et Dalila), and German (Lohengrin, Parsifal, and Siegmund in Die Walküre). He continues to add more operas to his repertoire, the latest was Handel’s Tamerlano as “Bajazet” on 26 March 2008 at Teatro Real.
Year     #     Title     Composer     Role     Debut date     Opera house /
Studio recording     Location
1959     1     Rigoletto     Verdi     Borsa     23 September 1959     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
2     Dialogues of the Carmelites     Poulenc     Chaplain     21 October 1959     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
1960     3     The Merry Widow     Lehár     Danilo,
Camille     1960     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
4     Turandot     Puccini     Altoum     11 September 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
5     Turandot     Puccini     Pang     1 October 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
6     Lucia di Lammermoor     Donizetti     Normanno     5 October 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
7     La traviata     Verdi     Gastone     8 October 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
8     Carmen     Bizet     Remendado     15 October 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
9     Otello     Verdi     Cassio     17 October 1960     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
1961     10     La traviata     Verdi     Alfredo     19 May 1961     Teatro de la Ciudad     Monterrey
11     El Ultimo sueno     Vázquez     Enrique     28 May 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
12     Amelia goes to the ball     Menotti     Lover     28 June 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
13     Fedora     Giordano     Désire,
Baron Rouvel     2 July 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
14     Boris Godunov     Mussorgsky     Simpleton,
Shuisky     8 August 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
15     Andrea Chénier     Giordano     Abbé,
Incredibile     15 August 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
16     Tosca     Puccini     Spoletta     21 August 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
17     Madama Butterfly     Puccini     Goro     15 September 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
18     Tosca     Puccini     Cavaradossi     30 September 1961     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
1962     19     La bohème     Puccini     Rodolfo     4 March 1962     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
20     Così fan tutte     Mozart     Ferrando     10 May 1962     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
21     Adriana Lecouvreur     Cilea     Maurizio     17 May 1962     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
22     Trittico Francescano     Refice         1 October 1962     Teatro Degollado     Guadalajara
23     Madama Butterfly     Puccini     Pinkerton     7 October 1962     Teatro Isauro Martínez     Torreón
24     Lucia di Lammermoor     Donizetti     Edgardo     26 November 1962     Fort Worth Opera     Fort Worth
1963     25     Carmen     Bizet     Don José     25 June 1963     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
26     Don Giovanni     Mozart     Don Ottavio     21 September 1963     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
27     Faust     Gounod     Faust     3 December 1963     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
1964     28     Les pêcheurs de perles     Bizet     Nadir     21 January 1964     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
29     Eugene Onegin     Tchaikovsky     Lenski     5 September 1964     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
1965     30     Cavalleria rusticana     Mascagni     Turiddu     21 January 1965     Israeli Opera House     Tel Aviv
31     Samson and Delilah     Saint-Saëns     Samson     30 July 1965     Chautauqua Opera     Chautauqua
32     Les contes d’Hoffmann     Offenbach     Hoffmann     7 September 1965     Palacio de Bellas Artes     Mexico City
1966     33     La Mulata de Córdoba     Mancayo     Sandi,
Moreno,
Moncayo     1 January 1966     Gran Teatre del Liceu     Barcelona
34     Don Rodrigo     Ginastera     Don Rodrigo     22 February 1966     New York City Opera     New York
35     Andrea Chénier     Giordano     Andrea Chénier     3 March 1966     New Orleans Opera     New Orleans
36     Hippolyte et Aricie     Rameau     Hippolyte     6 April 1966     Boston Opera House     Boston
37     Pagliacci     Leoncavallo     Canio     9 August 1966     Metropolitan Opera     New York
38     The Barber of Seville     Rossini     Almaviva     16 September 1966     Teatro Degollado     Guadalajara
39     Anna Bolena     Donizetti     Lord Percy     15 November 1966     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1967     40     Il tabarro     Puccini     Luigi     8 March 1967     Metropolitan Opera     New York
41     Aida     Verdi     Radames     11 May 1967     Hamburg State Opera     Hamburg
42     Don Carlo     Verdi     Don Carlo     19 May 1967     Vienna State Opera     Vienna
43     Un ballo in maschera     Verdi     Riccardo     31 May 1967     Berlin State Opera     Berlin
1968     44     Lohengrin     Wagner     Lohengrin     14 January 1968     Hamburg State Opera     Hamburg
45     Manon Lescaut     Puccini     Des Grieux     15 February 1968     Connecticut Opera     Hartford
46     Il trovatore     Verdi     Manrico     14 March 1968     New Orleans Opera     New Orleans
1969     47     Rigoletto     Verdi     Il Duca     2 January 1969     Hamburg State Opera     Hamburg
48     La forza del destino     Verdi     Don Alvaro     18 January 1969     Hamburg State Opera     Hamburg
49     Manon     Massenet     Des Grieux     20 February 1969     Metropolitan Opera     New York
50     Turandot     Puccini     Calaf     16 July 1969     Verona Arena     Verona
51     Ernani     Verdi     Ernani     7 December 1969     Teatro alla Scala     Milan
1970     52     Oberon     Weber     Hüon     March, 1970     Bayerischer Rundfunk studio     Studio
53     La Gioconda     Ponchielli     Enzo     14 May 1970     Teatro Real     Madrid
54     Roberto Devereux     Donizetti     Devereux     15 October 1970     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1971     55     Der Rosenkavalier     R. Strauss     Italian singer     March, 1971         Studio
56     I Lombardi alla prima crociata     Verdi     Oronte     July, 1971     Royal Philharmonic,
London     Studio
57     Luisa Miller     Verdi     Rodolfo     4 November 1971     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1972     58     Giovanna d’Arco     Verdi     Carlo VII     August, 1972         Studio
59     Los Claveles     Serrano     Fernando     1972         Studio
60     La dolorosa     Serrano     Rafael     1972         Studio
1973     61     Francesca da Rimini     Zandonai     Paolo     22 March 1973     Metropolitan Opera     New York
62     L’Africaine     Meyerbeer     Vasco da Gama     3 November 1973     War Memorial Opera House     San Francisco
1974     63     I Vespri Siciliani     Verdi     Arrigo     9 April 1974     Palais Garnier     Paris
64     Mefistofele     Boito     Faust     July, 1974         Studio
65     Roméo et Juliette     Gounod     Roméo     28 September 1974     Metropolitan Opera     New York
66     La fanciulla del West     Puccini     Dick Johnson     26 November 1974     Teatro Regio di Torino     Turin
1975     67     La Navarraise     Massenet     Araquil     1975         Studio
68     Otello     Verdi     Otello     28 September 1975     Hamburg State Opera     Hamburg
1976     69     Gianni Schicchi     Puccini     Rinuccio     1976         Studio
70     Louise     Charpentier     Julien     1976         Studio
71     Macbeth     Verdi     Macduff     1976         Studio
72     Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg     Wagner     Walther von Stolzing     March, 1976         Studio
73     Le Cid     Massenet     Don Rodrigue     8 March 1976     Metropolitan Opera     New York
74     L’amore dei tre re     Montemezzi     Avito     July, 1976         Studio
1977     75     L’elisir d’amore     Donizetti     Nemorino     1977         Studio
76     Fedora     Giordano     Loris     15 February 1977     Gran Teatre del Liceu     Barcelona
77     Werther     Massenet     Werther     18 December 1977     Bavarian State Opera     Munich
1978     78     La damnation de Faust     Berlioz     Faust     January, 1978         Studio
1979     79     Le Villi     Puccini     Roberto     June, 1979         Studio
80     Requiem     Berlioz     Tenor part     June, 1979         Studio
81     Béatrice et Bénédict     Berlioz     Bénédict     July, 1979         Studio
82     Il Giuramento     Mercadante     Viscardo     9 September 1979     Vienna State Opera     Vienna
1980     83     El Poeta     Torroba     José de Espronceda     19 June 1980     Teatro Real     Madrid
1981     84     Norma     Bellini     Pollione     21 September 1981     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1982     85     La rondine     Puccini     Ruggero     1982         Studio
86     Nabucco     Verdi     Ismaele     May, 1982         Studio
87     Les Troyens     Berlioz     Enée     26 September 1983     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1986     88     Die Fledermaus     J. Strauss     Alfred     April, 1986         Studio
89     Goya     Menotti     Goya     15 November 1986     Washington National Opera     Washington
1988     90     Iris     Mascagni     Osaka     1988         Studio
91     Tannhäuser     Wagner     Tannhäuser     April, 1988         Studio
1989     92     Die Frau ohne Schatten     R. Strauss     Der Kaiser     March, 1989         Studio
1990     93     Man of La Mancha     Leigh     Don Quixote     June, 1990         Studio
1991     94     The Flying Dutchman     Wagner     Erik     February, 1991         Studio
95     Parsifal     Wagner     Parsifal     14 March 1991     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1992     96     The Barber of Seville     Rossini     Figaro     February, 1992         Studio
97     El Gato Montés     Penella     Rafaele Ruiz     7 August 1992     Seville Opera     Seville
98     Die Walküre     Wagner     Siegmund     19 December 1992     Vienna State Opera     Vienna
1993     99     Stiffelio     Verdi     Stiffelio     21 October 1993     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1994     100     Doña Francisquita     Vives     Fernando     February, 1994         Studio
101     La Verbena de la Paloma     Bretón     Julian     April, 1994         Studio
102     Il Guarany     Gomes     Pery     5 June 1994     Bonn Opera House     Bonn
103     Idomeneo     Mozart     Idomeneo     1 November 1994     Metropolitan Opera     New York
104     Hérodiade     Massenet     Jean     8 November 1994     War Memorial Opera House     San Francisco
1995     105     Luisa Fernanda     Torroba     Javier     1995         Studio
106     Simon Boccanegra
(1881 version)     Verdi     Adorno     19 January 1995     Metropolitan Opera     New York
1996     107     La Tabernera del Puerto     Sorozábal     Leandro     1996         Studio
1997     108     Simon Boccanegra
(1857 version)     Verdi     Adorno     28 June 1997     Royal Opera House     London
109     Divinas Palabras     Abril     Lucero     18 October 1997     Teatro Real     Madrid
1998     110     Le prophète     Meyerbeer     Jean van der Leyden     21 May 1998     Vienna State Opera     Vienna
111     Faust Symphony     Liszt     Tenor part     June, 1998         Studio
112     La Dolores     Bretón     Lázaro     July, 1998         Studio
1999     113     Das Lied von der Erde     Mahler     Tenor part     February, 1999         Studio
114     Misa Tango     Bacalov     Tenor part     February, 1999         Studio
115     The Queen of Spades     Tchaikovsky     Hermann     18 March 1999     Metropolitan Opera     New York
116     Fidelio     Beethoven     Florestan     June, 1999         Studio
117     Merlin     Albéniz     King Arthur     July, 1999     Orquesta Nacional de España,
Madrid     Studio
118     Margarita la tornera     Chapí     Don Juan de Alarcón     11 December 1999     Teatro Real     Madrid
2000     119     La Gran Via     Chueca     Caballero de Gracía     January, 2000         Studio
120     The Merry Widow     Lehár     Danilo     17 February 2000     Metropolitan Opera     New York
121     La battaglia di Legnano     Verdi     Arrigo     30 June 2000     Royal Opera House     London
2001     122     La Revoltosa     Chapí     Felipe     January, 2001         Studio
2002     123     Sly     Wolf-Ferrari     Christopher Sly     1 April 2002     Metropolitan Opera     New York
2003     124     Luisa Fernanda     Torroba     Vidal Hernando     18 June 2003     Teatro alla Scala     Milan
125     Nicholas and Alexandra     Drattell     Rasputin     14 September 2003     Los Angeles Opera     Los Angeles
2004     126     Tristan und Isolde     Wagner     Tristan     December, 2004     EMI Abbey Road Studio 1,
London     Studio
2005     127     Cyrano de Bergerac     Alfano     Cyrano     13 May 2005     Metropolitan Opera     New York
2006     128     The First Emperor     Tan     Emperor Qin     21 December 2006     Metropolitan Opera     New York
2007     129     Iphigénie en Tauride     Gluck     Oreste     27 November 2007     Metropolitan Opera     New York
2008     130     Tamerlano     Handel     Bajazet     26 March 2008     Teatro Real     Madrid

Major opera house and festival debut
Year     Opera house / Festival     Opera
1967     Hamburg State Opera     Tosca
Vienna State Opera     Don Carlos
1968     Metropolitan Opera     Adriana Lecouvreur
1969     Verona Arena     Turandot
San Francisco Opera     La bohème
Teatro alla Scala     Ernani
1970     Teatro Real     La Gioconda
Edinburgh Festival     Missa Solemnis
1971     Royal Opera House     Tosca
1972     Bavarian State Opera     La bohème
1973     Paris Opéra     Il trovatore
1975     Salzburg Festival     Don Carlo
1992     Bayreuth Festival     Parsifal

Awards and honors
An appreciation note on his statue in Mexico City

Domingo has received numerous awards including:

Grammy Award

* 1971 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for Verdi: Aida
* 1974 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for G. Puccini: La bohème
* 1983 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for Verdi: La Traviata
* 1984 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for Bizet: Carmen
* 1984 – Best Latin Pop Performance for Always in my Heart (Siempre en mi corazon)
* 1988 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for Wagner: Lohengrin
* 1990 – Best Classical Vocal Performance for Carreras-Domingo-Pavarotti in Concert
* 1992 – Principal Soloist for Best Opera Recording for Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten
* 2000 – Best Mexican-American Performance for 100 years of Mariachi

Latin Grammy Award

* 2000 – Best Classical Album for T. Breton: La Dolores
* 2001 – Best Classical Album for I. Albéniz: Merlin
* 2008 – “Best Classical Album” for various composers Pasión Española

Government and organization honors

France

* Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur
* Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur
* Commandeur Arts et Lettres
* Grande Medaille de la Ville de Paris
* Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur – March 2002

Spain

* Isabel la Católica
* Premio Prinicipe de Asturias de las Artes – 1991
* Gran Cruz de la Orden del Mérito Civil – September 2002

USA

* Kennedy Center Honors – December 2000
* The presidential Medal of Freedom – July 2002

Austria

* Österreichisches Ehrenkreuz für Wissenschaft und Kunst 1. Klasse
* Kammersänger und Ehrenmitglied der Wiener Staatsoper
* Goldenes Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um das Land Wien – 2007

Other countries

* Orden del Aguila Azteca, for helping the people of Mexico City about the 1985 earthquake(Mexico)
* Capo dell’Ordine “Al Merito della Repubblica Italiana” Grande Ufficiale (Italy)
* Grã Cruz da Ordem do Infante d’Henrique (Portugal)
* Cavalliere di Malta (Malta)
* Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) (Great Britain) – October 2002
* Order of the Cedars (Lebanon) – 2004

NPO

* Unicef Socio de Honor (UNICEF)

Honorary Doctorate

* Royal Northern College of Music, England (1982)
* Philadelphia College of Performing Arts, USA (1982)
* Oklahoma City University, USA (1984)
* Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain (1989)
* New York University, USA (1990)
* Georgetown University, USA (1992)
* Washington College of Chestertown, USA (2000)
* Anáhuac University, Mexico (2001)
* Chopin Music Academy, Poland (2003)
* Oxford University, England (2003)

Other entertainment awards and appreciation

* A star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame – 1993 (Location: Domingo, Placido LT 7000 Hollywood Blvd)
* Sociedad General de Autores Española (Best Lyric Singer of the Year 1997) for his role in the world premiere of “Divinas Palabras” – 1997
* Association of Argentinian Music Critics (Best Male Singer in 1997) for “Samson and Dalila” – 1997
* Baltika Grand Prix for Outstanding Achievement – June 1998
* American Latina Media Arts (ALMA) Awards (Outstanding Performances By An Individual or Act in A Variety) – 1998
* Hispanic Heritage Award for Arts – September 1999
* Great Prize of the International Music Press – September 2000
* The Ella Award – 2002
* OPERA NEWS Award for distinguished achievement, 2005
* Classical BRIT Awards – 2006 (Critics’ Award for Tristan and Isolde and Lifetime Achievement Award)
* Domingo was named “The King of singers” in BBC Music Magazine for April 2008 issue. He was voted as the greatest tenor in history by 16 renowned opera critics in a quest to find the world top 20 operatic tenors. The headline of the page stated “The king of the singers – The critics number 1 choice. Domingo is that rarest vocal phenomena, a tenor who uses his voice in the service of re-creating great art, and not as a thrilling end in itself.”
* BAMBI award – 1995, 27 November 2008 in Offenburg, Germany

Writings
Date     Title     Publisher     ISBN     Pages     Author(s)
Sept
1983     My First Forty Years     Alfred A. Knopf     ISBN 0394523296     256     Plácido Domingo
Dec
1994     Opera 101: A Complete Guide to
Learning and Loving Opera     Hyperion     ISBN 0786880252     494     Fred Plotkin,
Plácido Domingo (intro)
July
1997     Christmas With Plácido Domingo:
Trumpets Sound And Angels Sing     Alfred Publishing Company     ISBN 0895243210     80     Plácido Domingo,
Milton Okun (editor)
July
1997     Bajo el cielo español
(Under the Spanish Sky)     Warner Brothers Publications     ISBN 0769200249     84     Plácido Domingo (Recorder),
Carol Cuellar (Compiler)
March
1999     Plácido Domingo – Por Amor     Hal Leonard Corporation     ISBN 0711972583     104     Plácido Domingo
March
2003     Plácido Domingo (Great Voices Series):
My Operatic Roles     Baskerville Publishers, Incorporated     ISBN 1880909618     319     Helena Matheopoulos,
Plácido Domingo
March
2007     Leoncavallo: Life and Works     Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc     ISBN 0810858738
ISBN 0810858800     349
351     Konrad Claude Dryden,
Plácido Domingo (intro)
Dec
2007     So When Does the Fat Lady Sing?     Hal Leonard Corporation     ISBN 1574671626     173     Michael Walsh,
Plácido Domingo (intro)

* A new book by Domingo, The Joy of Opera, will be published by WWW Norton in year 2009

Humanitarian works and initiatives

* On 4 March 2006, Domingo sang at the Gala Benefit Concert, “A Night For New Orleans” at the New Orleans Arena to help rebuilding the city after it was hit by Hurricane Katrina. At the gala, he made a statement, “If music be the food of love”, is “MUSIC IS THE VOICE OF HOPE!” .

* In 1986, he performed at benefit concerts to raise funds for the victims of 1985 Mexico City earthquake and released an album of one of the events. On 21 August 2007, as recognition to his support to 1985 Mexico City earthquake victims as well as his artistic works, a statue in his honor, made in Mexico City from keys donated by the people, was unveiled. The statue is the work of Alejandra Zúñiga, is two meters tall, weighs about 300 kg (660 lbs) and is part of the “Grandes valores” (Great values) program..

* Domingo supports the Hear the World initiative as an ambassador to raise awareness for the topic of hearing and hearing loss.

* In 1993 he founded Operalia, an international opera competition for talented young singers. The winners get the opportunities of being employed in opera ensembles around the world. Domingo has been instrumental in giving many young artists encouragement, (and special attention) as in 2001, when he invited New York tenor, Daniel Rodriguez to attend the Vilar/Domingo Young Artists program to further develop his operatic skills.

* On 21 December 2003, Domingo made a performance in Cancún to benefit the Ciudad de la Alegria Foundation, the foundation that provides assistance and lodging to people in need, including low-income individuals, orphans, expectant mothers, immigrants, rehabilitated legal offenders, and the terminally ill.

* On 27 June 2007, Domingo and Katherine Jenkins performed in a charity concert in Athens to raise funds to aid the conflict in Darfur. The concert was organized by Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders.

* In 2 October 2007, Domingo joins several other preeminent figures in entertainment, government, the environment and more, as the one of receivers of the BMW Hydrogen 7, designed in the mission to build support of hydrogen as a viable substitute to fossil fuels.

* On 17 January 2009 he performed with the New Orleans Opera directed by Robert Lyall in a gala reopening of New Orleans’ Mahalia Jackson Theatre for the Performing Arts. The master of ceremonies was New Orleans native Patricia Clarkson.

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